Support

 

CD4 & viral load

There are no upcoming events at this time.

CD4 & viral load

When first diagnosed you will hear a great deal about CD4 and Viral Load.

  • CD4 measures how well your immune system is functioning.
  • Viral Load measures how much virus is in your body.

CD4

  • Measures the strength of the immune system by counting how many CD4 cells are present in a cubic ml of blood
  • A healthy immune system is usually 350 and above
  • When the CD4 fall to below 350 you will usually be advised to start medication
  • CD4 will be reflective of general health
  • CD4 percentage is the percentage of white blood cells (lymphocytes) that are CD4 cells.
  • 30% – 66% of white blood count is normal
  • CD4 ceases to be important once you have started medication and become undetectable.

VIRAL LOAD

  • Measures the amount of virus present in a cubic ml of blood.
  • Also in semen – including precum – vaginal fluid and breast milk
  • The lower the viral load the less strain on the immune system – and the less transmissible
  • The goal of medication is to reduce viral load to less than 50 copies in a ml of blood
  • Under 50 copies in a cubic ml of blood = UNDETECTABLE

What does UNDETECTABLE mean?

  • A healthy immune system
  • Normal life expectancy
  • No transmission risk
  • Reduced risk of ill health regarding HIV
  • Reduced risk of mother to child transmission in pregnancy and breastfeeding
  • You can be employed in more of less any job
  • Protection under the law

For more information use the NAM website:

If you have any further questions, please talk to your consultant, doctor, nurse, health advisor or patient representative

More Support

Dealing with your diagnosis

read more

YOUR FEARS, CONCERNS & WORRIES

read more

HOW TO TELL PEOPLE

read more

Your physical health & wellbeing

read more

CD4 & VIRAL LOAD

read more

STARTING MEDICATION & ADHERENCE

read more

THE LAW & HIV

read more

COUNSELLING & PSYCHOLOGICAL WELLBEING

read more

GPs, DENTISTS AND COMPLIMENTARY THERAPIES

read more

REFERRALS FOR BENEFITS ADVICE

read more

REQUEST A CALL BACK

read more

WHAT PEOPLE HAVE SAID

"I just wanted to thank you for all you help and support. Your approachability, understanding and advice were invaluable in helping me to cope with a very traumatic period in my life. Thank you so much” Stephen, 34 film technician

“I must acknowledge your strength and dedication. Thank you so much for the encouragement and support. I pray the Lord will continue to keep and strengthen you. You’ve touched my life in a positive way” Olori, 27, nurse and mother

Bloomsbury Network

Empathy Education Empowerment

Make a Donation

The Bloomsbury Network, Mortimer Market Centre, Off Tottenham Court Road, London WC1E 6JB